• Home
  • /
  • Kesehatan
  • /
  • Demensia

Demensia

Ditinjau oleh: Redaksi Halodoc

%25253Ch2%252520style=%252522text-align:%252520justify;%252522%25253E%25253Cspan%252520style=%252522color:%252520#000000;%252522%25253E%25253Cstrong%25253E%25253Cspan%252520style=%252522font-size:%25252014pt;%252522%25253EPengertian%252520Demensia%25253C/span%25253E%25253C/strong%25253E%25253C/span%25253E%25253C/h2%25253E%25250A%25253Cp%252520style=%252522text-align:%252520justify;%252522%25253E%25253Cspan%252520style=%252522font-size:%25252012pt;%252520color:%252520#000000;%252522%25253EDemensia%252520adalah%252520sebuah%252520sindrom%252520yang%252520berkaitan%252520dengan%252520penurunan%252520kemampuan%252520fungsi%252520otak,%252520seperti%252520berkurangnya%252520daya%252520ingat,%252520menurunnya%252520kemampuan%252520berpikir,%252520memahami%252520sesuatu,%252520melakukan%252520pertimbangan,%252520dan%252520memahami%252520bahasa,%252520serta%252520menurunnya%252520kecerdasan%252520mental.%252520Sindrom%252520ini%252520umumnya%252520menyerang%252520orang-orang%252520lansia%252520yang%252520berusia%252520di%252520atas%25252065%252520tahun.%25253C/span%25253E%25253C/p%25253E%25250A%25253Ch2%252520style=%252522text-align:%252520justify;%252522%25253E%25253Cspan%252520style=%252522color:%252520#000000;%252522%25253E%25253Cstrong%25253E%25253Cspan%252520style=%252522font-size:%25252014pt;%252522%25253EGejala%252520Demensia%25253C/span%25253E%25253C/strong%25253E%25253C/span%25253E%25253C/h2%25253E%25250A%25253Cp%252520style=%252522text-align:%252520justify;%252522%25253E%25253Cspan%252520style=%252522font-size:%25252012pt;%252520color:%252520#000000;%252522%25253EPengidap%252520demensia%252520umumnya%252520akan%252520mengalami%252520depresi,%252520perubahan%252520suasana%252520hati%252520dan%252520perilaku,%252520kesulitan%252520bersosialisasi,%252520hingga%252520berhalusinasi.%252520Pengidap%252520tidak%252520mampu%252520hidup%252520mandiri%252520dan%252520memerlukan%252520dukungan%252520orang%252520lain.%252520Gejala%252520yang%252520umumnya%252520dirasakan%252520berupa%252520hilang%252520ingatan,%252520kesulitan%252520berkomunikasi,%252520kesulitan%252520berbahasa%252520dan%252520bertutur%252520kata,%252520sulit%252520memecahkan%252520masalah%252520atau%252520merencakan%252520sesuatu,%252520konsentrasi%252520menurun,%252520kesulitan%252520mengambil%252520keputusan%252520dan%252520mengkoordinasikan%252520pergerakan%252520tubuh,%252520serta%252520gangguan%252520psikologis%252520(seperti%252520depresi,%252520gelisah,%252520agitasi,%252520paranoid,%252520dan%252520halusinasi).%25253C/span%25253E%25253C/p%25253E%25250A%25253Cp%252520style=%252522text-align:%252520justify;%252522%25253E%25253Cspan%252520style=%252522font-size:%25252012pt;%252520color:%252520#000000;%252522%25253EDalam%252520kondisi%252520parah,%252520pengidap%252520dapat%252520mengalami%252520gejala%252520lanjutan%252520seperti%252520kelumpuhan%252520di%252520salah%252520satu%252520sisi%252520tubuh,%252520tidak%252520mampu%252520menahan%252520kemih,%252520penurunan%252520nafsu%252520makan,%252520hingga%252520kesulitan%252520menelan.%25253C/span%25253E%25253C/p%25253E%25250A%25253Ch2%252520style=%252522text-align:%252520justify;%252522%25253E%25253Cspan%252520style=%252522color:%252520#000000;%252522%25253E%25253Cstrong%25253E%25253Cspan%252520style=%252522font-size:%25252014pt;%252522%25253EPenyebab%252520Demensia%25253C/span%25253E%25253C/strong%25253E%25253C/span%25253E%25253C/h2%25253E%25250A%25253Cp%252520style=%252522text-align:%252520justify;%252522%25253E%25253Cspan%252520style=%252522font-size:%25252012pt;%252520color:%252520#000000;%252522%25253EDemensia%252520disebabkan%252520oleh%252520kerusakan%252520pada%252520sel%252520saraf%252520otak%252520di%252520bagian%252520tertentu,%252520sehingga%252520menurunkan%252520kemampuan%252520berkomunikasi%252520dengan%252520saraf%252520tubuh%252520lainnya,%252520dan%252520mengakibatkan%252520kemunculan%252520gejala%252520sesuai%252520dengan%252520area%252520otak%252520yang%252520mengalami%252520kerusakan.%25253C/span%25253E%25253C/p%25253E%25250A%25253Cp%252520style=%252522text-align:%252520justify;%252522%25253E%25253Cspan%252520style=%252522font-size:%25252012pt;%252520color:%252520#000000;%252522%25253EAda%252520berbagai%252520macam%252520kondisi%252520dalam%252520kasus%252520demensia.%252520Ada%252520jenis%252520demensia%252520yang%252520berkembang%252520secara%252520progresif,%252520dan%252520ada%252520juga%252520kondisi%252520lain yang%252520menyerupai%252520demesia%252520yang%252520terjadi%252520karena%252520reaksi%252520tertentu%252520dan%252520dapat%252520ditekan.%252520Demensia%252520progesif%252520adalah%252520kondisi%252520yang%252520disebabkan%252520oleh%252520kerusakan%252520sel%252520saraf%252520otak%252520tertentu%252520dan%252520dapat%252520memburuk%252520seiring%252520waktu.%252520Kondisi%252520ini%252520umumnya%252520tidak%252520dapat%252520dipulihkan%252520secara%252520tuntas.%252520Beberapa%252520jenis%252520demensia%252520progresif%252520meliputi%252520penyakit%252520Alzheimer,%252520demensia%252520vaskuler,%252520%25253Cem%25253Elewy%252520body%252520dementia,%252520%25253C/em%25253Edemensia%252520frontotemporal,%252520dan%252520demensia%252520campuran.%25253C/span%25253E%25253C/p%25253E%25250A%25253Ch2%252520style=%252522text-align:%252520justify;%252522%25253E%25253Cspan%252520style=%252522color:%252520#000000;%252522%25253E%25253Cstrong%25253E%25253Cspan%252520style=%252522font-size:%25252014pt;%252522%25253EFaktor%252520Risiko%252520Demensia%25253C/span%25253E%25253C/strong%25253E%25253C/span%25253E%25253C/h2%25253E%25250A%25253Cp%252520style=%252522text-align:%252520justify;%252522%25253E%25253Cspan%252520style=%252522font-size:%25252012pt;%252520color:%252520#000000;%252522%25253EFaktor-faktor%252520risiko%252520demensia%252520yang%252520di%252520luar%252520kendali%252520dan%252520tidak%252520bisa%252520diubah%252520meliputi%252520pertambahan%252520usia,%252520riwayat%252520kesehatan%252520keluarga,%252520serta%252520masalah%252520kesehatan%252520seperti%252520gangguan%252520kognitif%252520ringan%252520dan%252520sindrom%252520Down.%252520Sedangkan,%252520faktor-faktor%252520risiko%252520demensia%252520yang%252520dapat%252520dikendalikan%252520atau%252520dihindari%252520meliputi%252520kebiasaan%252520merokok%252520dan%252520mengonsumsi%252520alkohol,%252520depresi,%252520%25253Cem%25253Esleep%252520apnea%25253C/em%25253E%25253Cem%25253E,%252520%25253C/em%25253Ediabetes,%252520obesitas,%252520kolesterol%252520tinggi,%252520hipertensi,%252520dan%252520aterosklerosis%252520(penumpukan%252520lemak%252520pada%252520dinding%252520arteri).%25253C/span%25253E%25253C/p%25253E%25250A%25253Ch2%252520style=%252522text-align:%252520justify;%252522%25253E%25253Cspan%252520style=%252522color:%252520#000000;%252522%25253E%25253Cstrong%25253E%25253Cspan%252520style=%252522font-size:%25252014pt;%252522%25253EDiagnosis%252520Demensia%25253C/span%25253E%25253C/strong%25253E%25253C/span%25253E%25253C/h2%25253E%25250A%25253Cp%252520style=%252522text-align:%252520justify;%252522%25253E%25253Cspan%252520style=%252522font-size:%25252012pt;%252520color:%252520#000000;%252522%25253EDemensia%252520tidaklah%252520mudah%252520untuk%252520didiagnosis%252520dikarenakan%252520banyaknya%252520gejala%252520yang%252520dapat%252520mengindikasikan%252520penyakit%252520sejenis.%252520Selain%252520menanyakan%252520riwayat%252520penyakit%252520dan%252520kesehatan,%252520dilakukan%252520juga%252520pemeriksaan%252520fisik%252520dan%252520serangkaian%252520tes%252520lanjutan,%252520yang%252520meliputi:%25253C/span%25253E%25253C/p%25253E%25250A%25253Cul%252520style=%252522text-align:%252520justify;%252522%25253E%25250A%25253Cli%25253E%25253Cspan%252520style=%252522font-size:%25252012pt;%252520color:%252520#000000;%252522%25253ETes%252520kognitif%252520dan%252520neuropsikologis.%25253C/span%25253E%25253C/li%25253E%25250A%25253Cli%25253E%25253Cspan%252520style=%252522font-size:%25252012pt;%252520color:%252520#000000;%252522%25253EPemeriksaan%252520neurologi. %25253C/span%25253E%25253C/li%25253E%25250A%25253Cli%25253E%25253Cspan%252520style=%252522font-size:%25252012pt;%252520color:%252520#000000;%252522%25253EPemindaian.%25253C/span%25253E%25253C/li%25253E%25250A%25253Cli%25253E%25253Cspan%252520style=%252522font-size:%25252012pt;%252520color:%252520#000000;%252522%25253EPemeriksaan%252520darah. %25253C/span%25253E%25253C/li%25253E%25250A%25253Cli%25253E%25253Cspan%252520style=%252522font-size:%25252012pt;%252520color:%252520#000000;%252522%25253EPemeriksaan%252520cairan%252520tulang%252520belakang.%25253C/span%25253E%25253C/li%25253E%25250A%25253Cli%25253E%25253Cspan%252520style=%252522font-size:%25252012pt;%252520color:%252520#000000;%252522%25253ETes%252520psikiatrik.%25253C/span%25253E%25253C/li%25253E%25250A%25253C/ul%25253E%25250A%25253Ch2%252520style=%252522text-align:%252520justify;%252522%25253E%25253Cspan%252520style=%252522color:%252520#000000;%252522%25253E%25253Cstrong%25253E%25253Cspan%252520style=%252522font-size:%25252014pt;%252522%25253EPengobatan%252520Demensia%25253C/span%25253E%25253C/strong%25253E%25253C/span%25253E%25253C/h2%25253E%25250A%25253Cp%252520style=%252522text-align:%252520justify;%252522%25253E%25253Cspan%252520style=%252522font-size:%25252012pt;%252520color:%252520#000000;%252522%25253EDemensia%252520bisa%252520diatasi%252520dengan%252520mengonsumsi%252520obat-obatan%252520tertentu,%252520serta%252520melakukan%252520terapi%252520psikologis%252520seperti%252520terapi%252520stimulasi%252520kognitif%252520dan%252520orientasi%252520realitas,%252520perilaku,%252520okupasi,%252520dan%252520validasi.%252520Selain%252520terapi-terapi%252520tersebut,%252520terdapat%252520juga%252520beberapa%252520terapi%252520pendukung%252520yang%252520dapat%252520dilakukan%252520di%252520rumah,%252520seperti%252520terapi%252520musik,%252520aromaterapi,%252520pijat,%252520bermain%252520dengan%252520hewan%252520peliharaan,%252520hingga%252520melakukan%252520aktivitas%252520seni.%252520Saat%252520proses%252520terapi,%252520sangat%252520disarankan%252520untuk%252520memodifikasi%252520perabotan%252520rumah%252520agar%252520memudahkan%252520pengidap%252520bergerak%252520dan%252520menyingkirkan%252520benda%252520tajam%252520agar%252520tidak%252520membahayakan%252520pengidap.%25253C/span%25253E%25253C/p%25253E%25250A%25253Ch2%252520style=%252522text-align:%252520justify;%252522%25253E%25253Cspan%252520style=%252522color:%252520#000000;%252522%25253E%25253Cstrong%25253E%25253Cspan%252520style=%252522font-size:%25252014pt;%252522%25253EPencegahan%252520Demensia%25253C/span%25253E%25253C/strong%25253E%25253C/span%25253E%25253C/h2%25253E%25250A%25253Cp%252520style=%252522text-align:%252520justify;%252522%25253E%25253Cspan%252520style=%252522font-size:%25252012pt;%252520color:%252520#000000;%252522%25253EDemensia%252520tidak%252520dapat%252520dicegah,%252520namun%252520terdapat%252520beberapa%252520cara%252520yang%252520dapat%252520dilakukan%252520untuk%252520menekan%252520risikonya,%252520seperti:%25253C/span%25253E%25253C/p%25253E%25250A%25253Cul%25253E%25250A%25253Cli%252520style=%252522text-align:%252520justify;%252522%25253E%25253Cspan%252520style=%252522font-size:%25252012pt;%252520color:%252520#000000;%252522%25253EBerhenti%252520merokok.%25253C/span%25253E%25253C/li%25253E%25250A%25253Cli%252520style=%252522text-align:%252520justify;%252522%25253E%25253Cspan%252520style=%252522font-size:%25252012pt;%252520color:%252520#000000;%252522%25253EBerolahraga%252520secara%252520teratur.%25253C/span%25253E%25253C/li%25253E%25250A%25253Cli%252520style=%252522text-align:%252520justify;%252522%25253E%25253Cspan%252520style=%252522font-size:%25252012pt;%252520color:%252520#000000;%252522%25253EMenjaga%252520asupan%252520nutrisi%252520dan%252520menerapkan%252520pola%252520makan%252520sehat,%252520misalnya%252520makanan%252520rendah%252520lemak%252520dan%252520tinggi%252520serat.%25253C/span%25253E%25253C/li%25253E%25250A%25253Cli%252520style=%252522text-align:%252520justify;%252522%25253E%25253Cspan%252520style=%252522font-size:%25252012pt;%252520color:%252520#000000;%252522%25253EKurangi%252520asupan%252520alkohol.%25253C/span%25253E%25253C/li%25253E%25250A%25253Cli%252520style=%252522text-align:%252520justify;%252522%25253E%25253Cspan%252520style=%252522font-size:%25252012pt;%252520color:%252520#000000;%252522%25253EMenjaga%252520berat%252520badan.%25253C/span%25253E%25253C/li%25253E%25250A%25253Cli%252520style=%252522text-align:%252520justify;%252522%25253E%25253Cspan%252520style=%252522font-size:%25252012pt;%252520color:%252520#000000;%252522%25253EMeningkatkan%252520asupan%252520vitamin%252520D.%25253C/span%25253E%25253C/li%25253E%25250A%25253Cli%252520style=%252522text-align:%252520justify;%252522%25253E%25253Cspan%252520style=%252522font-size:%25252012pt;%252520color:%252520#000000;%252522%25253EMelatih%252520otak%252520secara%252520berkala,%252520seperti%252520membaca%252520dan%252520bermain%252520teka-teki.%25253C/span%25253E%25253C/li%25253E%25250A%25253Cli%252520style=%252522text-align:%252520justify;%252522%25253E%25253Cspan%252520style=%252522font-size:%25252012pt;%252520color:%252520#000000;%252522%25253EMenjaga%252520kesehatan,%252520seperti%252520mengontrol%252520tekanan%252520darah,%252520kadar%252520gula%252520darah,%252520dan%252520kolestrol.%25253C/span%25253E%25253C/li%25253E%25250A%25253Cli%252520style=%252522text-align:%252520justify;%252522%25253E%25253Cspan%252520style=%252522font-size:%25252012pt;%252520color:%252520#000000;%252522%25253EMenghindari%252520terjadinya%252520cedera%252520di%252520bagian%252520kepala.%25253C/span%25253E%25253C/li%25253E%25250A%25253C/ul%25253E%25250A%25253Ch2%25253E%25253Cspan%252520style=%252522color:%252520#000000;%252522%25253E%25253Cstrong%25253E%25253Cspan%252520style=%252522font-size:%25252014pt;%252522%25253EKapan%252520Harus%252520ke%252520Dokter?%25253C/span%25253E%25253C/strong%25253E%25253C/span%25253E%25253C/h2%25253E%25250A%25253Cp%25253E%25253Cspan%252520style=%252522font-size:%25252012pt;%252520color:%252520#000000;%252522%25253ESegera%252520hubungi%252520dokter%252520untuk%252520mendapatkan%252520solusi%252520terbaik%252520jika%252520mengalami%252520gejala-gejala%252520di%252520atas.%25253C/span%25253E%25253C/p%25253E